If you have gone to your prenatal check-up, you may have heard your doctor mentioning how fragile the first trimester of pregnancy is. Indeed, the first trimester is very critical for you and your baby. This is the stage where your baby’s organs start to form and develop. In this stage, your body will also begin to adapt with the hormonal level changes as well as the variations in your body processes. There are so many maternal and congenital problems associated with a mother’s inability to adjust and perform well during the first trimester and in some cases, these conditions may even lead to death of the mother and the child. In order to avoid maternal and child risks, every woman should know the first trimester of pregnancy dos and don’ts and adapt them effectively during the course of the pregnancy. The following are some of the most important dos and don’ts during the first trimester of pregnancy.
First trimester: Do’s
1. Regular prenatal visits
After you have confirmed that you are pregnant, your obstetrician will be giving you a schedule on when you will be going back to the clinic for prenatal check-up. It is very important for you to follow the schedule since some of the congenital diagnostic procedures will be done during these visits to check if the baby you are carrying is in good condition. You will also be monitored carefully to check if you are not developing pregnancy related disorders such as gestational diabetes and hypertension.
2. Take the prescribed meds
Your obstetrician will surely prescribe certain medications during your initial visit which will include vitamins and minerals supplements. It is very important for you to take these medications to avoid complications of pregnancy.
3. Eat healthy
If you are used to eat junk foods and other unhealthy foods when you were not pregnant, then you should stop eating these and start consuming fresh fruits and vegetables. You should also consume high calcium, iron and folic acid foods since deficiencies with these minerals are common problems associated with pregnancy during the first trimester. When you are pregnant, you are not only eating for yourself but for your baby as well.
4. Drink a lot of water
Hormonal changes during the first trimester of pregnancy are highly associated with the development of constipation. There is simply nothing you can do with the hormonal changes since it is normal during pregnancy. However, you may become stressed due to constipation. In order to manage constipation, the safest therapy that you can do is to hydrate yourself. If you are considering the use of laxatives and stool softeners, you must consult your physician since these methods may be unsafe.
5. Take time to rest
During pregnancy, your body is working on the double to meet your needs and the needs of your growing baby. The first trimester where your body adapts to the changes can make you feel stressed and tired. Take time to rest and relax more frequently to avoid fatigue and other problems.
First trimester: Don’ts
1. Don’t drink alcohol
Although some say that it’s alright to drink a little alcohol during pregnancy, most physicians say that you should not. There is no specific study which has claimed a safe amount of alcohol consumption during pregnancy and drinking alcohol during the first trimester may lead to a congenitally malformed baby.
2. Don’t Smoke
Smoking during the first trimester will definitely put your baby at high risk. There are so many compounds in the cigarette which can bypass the placental barrier of the fetus and cause genetic mutations or congenital abnormalities.
3. Don’t eat too much
A common presumptive sign of pregnancy is food cravings during the first trimester. Although this is common, it becomes a problem when you eat too much. You should not gain too much weight since it may be very risky on your part and in the part of your baby.
4. Don’t avoid exercise
Although your abdomen starts to get heavy, you should not avoid exercising. Physical activities can improve the circulation of blood towards your baby and can help him or her become well-nourished.
5. Don’t be exposed to external hazards
Exposure to radiation, excessive pollution and chemicals during the first trimester can potentially lead to abnormal cell reproduction. You should avoid these external hazards to keep your baby’s organ development from problems and complications.